7.2 References

The following bibliography is a very small selection of the medical evidence supporting the wasp sting health hazard claims made on this website.


(1)        Sinkiewicz W, Sobanski P, Bartuzi Z; Allergic Myocardial Infarction, Cardiology Journal 2008, Vol. 15, No.3, pp 220-225.

(2)        Incorvaria C, Senna G, Mauro M, et al; Prevalence of allergic reactions to Hymenoptera stings in Northern Italy; Allergie et immunologie, {Allerg-Immunol-(Paris)}, Dec 2004, vol 36 no. 10 p. 372-4 ISSN 0397-9148

(3)        Gelder C, Harris J, Williams D; Allergy to bee and wasp venom; British Journal of Hospital Medicine {Br-J-Hosp-Med}, Mar 20 –Apr 2 1996, vol 55. no.6 p. 349-52, ISSN 0007-1064.

(4)        Bircher J; Systemic Immediate Allergic Reactions to Arthropod Stings and Bites; Dermatology 2005; 210:119-127 DOI: 10.1159/000082567.

(5)        Nittner-Marszalka M, Liebhart J, Liebhart E, et al; Prevalence of Hymenoptra venom allergy and its immunological markers current in adults in Poland; Medical Science Monitor, {Med- Sci-Monit}, Jul 2004 (epub:29 Jun 2004), Vol 10, no.7 pCR324-9, ISSN 1234-1010.

(6)        Antonicelli L, Bilo M B, Napoli G, et al; European hornet (Vespa crabro) sting: a new risk factor for life-threatening reaction in hymenoptera allergic patients?; Allergie et immunologie, {Allerg- Immunol-(Paris)}, June 2003, vol. 35 no. 6 P 199-203 ISSN 0397-9148.

(7)        Fernandez J, Blanca M, Soriano V, et al; Epidemiological study of the prevalence of allergic reactions to Hymenoptera in a rural population in theMediterranean area; Clinical and experimental allergy, {Clin-Exp-Allergy}, Aug 1999, vol. 29, no. 8, p. 1069-74, ISSN 0954-7894.

(8)        Grigoreas C, Galatas I D, Kiamouris C, et al; Insect venom allergy in Greek adults; Allergy {Allergy}, Jan 1997, vol. 52, no. 1, p. 51-7, ISSN 0105-4538

(9)        Annila I T, Karjalainen E S, Annila P A, et al; Bee and wasp sting reactions in current bee keepers; Annals of allergy asthma & immunology, {Ann – Allergy –Asthma – Immunol}, Nov 1996, vol. 77, no. 5, p. 423-7, ISSN 1081-1206.

(10)      Bjornsson E, Janson C, Plaschke P, et al; Venom allergy in adult Swedes: a population study; Allergy, {Allergy}, Oct 1995, vol. 50, no. 10, p 800-5 ISSN 0105-4538

(11)      McGain F, Harrison J, Winkel K; Wasp sting mortality in Australia; MJA 2000; 173: 198-200.

(12)      Crawley F, Schon F; Cerebral infarction: a rare complication of wasp sting;  Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 1999; 66: 550-551 (April).

(13)      Samira D, Noda m, Cerione R A, et al; A link between Cdc42 and syntaxin is  involved in mastoparan stimulated insulin release; Biochemistry, 41 (30), 9663-9671, 2002. 10.1021/bi025604p S0006-2960(02)05604-0.

(14)     Wagdi P, Mehan V K, Burgi H, et al; Acute myocardial infarction after wasp stings in a patient with normal coronary arteries; American Heart Journal, 1994 Oct; 128(4): 820-3.

(15)      Jones E, Joy M; Acute myocardial infarction after a wasp sting; British Heart Journal, vol. 59, 506-508.

(16)      Barnhard J H; Studies of 400 Hymenoptera sting deaths in theUnited States; Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology; 1973 Nov; 52(5): 259-64.

(17)      Foster K R, Ratnieks F L W; Paternity, reproduction and conflict in vespine wasps: a model system for testing skin selection predictions; Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, June 2001, vol. 50, no. 1, p 1 – 8, doi, 10.1007/s002650100336.

(18)      Vikrant S, Pandey D, Machhan P; Wasp envenomation induced acute renal failure: a report of three cases; Nephrology (Carlton Vic), {Nephrology-Carlton}, Dec 2005, vol. 10, no. 6, p 548-52, ISSN 1320-5358.

(19)      Bongo A S, Fornano G, Sansa M, et al, Acute myocardial infarction after wasp sting without anaphylactic reaction; Italian heart Journal, Supplement: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology, {Ital-Heart-J-Suppl}, Mar 2005, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 178 – 82, 21 refs ISSN 1129 – 4728.

(20)      Sabbah A, Hassoun S, Drouet M, et al; The wasp/mosquito syndrome Allergie et immunologie, {Allerg-Immunol-Paris}, Jun 1999, vol. 31, no. 6, p 175-84, ISSN 0397 – 9148.

(21)      Lazoglu A H, Boglioli L R, Taff M L, et al; Serum sickness reaction following multiple insect (vespid) stings; Annals of allergy & immunology: official publication of theAmericanCollegeof Allergy & Immunology, {Ann-Allerg-Asthma-Immunol}, Dec 1995, vol. 75, no. 6, p 522-4, ISSN 1081-1206.

(22)      Mauss V; Diversity, occurrence, foraging and defensive behaviour of allergological relevant bees and folded winged wasps inGermany; Allegro journal {ALLERGO-J}, 2003, vol/Iss/Pg. 12/Suppl.1 (S7-S15), ISSN 0941-8849.

(23)      King T P, Jim S Y, Wittkowski K M; Inflammatory role of two venom components of yellow jackets (Vespula vulgaris): a mast cell degranulating peptide mastoparan and phospholipase A1; Interntional archives of allergy and immunology, {Int-Arch-Allergy-Immunol}, May 2003, vol. 131 no.1, p25-32, ISSN 1018-2438.

(24)      Belver Gonzales M T, Caballero M T, Bulnes M E, et al; Systemic mastocytosis and severe hymenoptera sting anaphylaxis; Alergologia e immunologia clinica {ALERGOL_IMMUNOL_CLIN}, 2005, vol/iss/pg. 20/4 (142-152), ISSN 1575-734X.

(25)      Lee Y Y, Chao S C; Acute rhabdomyolysis and intravascular haemolysis following extensive wasp stings; International Journal of Dermatology {INT-J-DERMATOL}, 1999, vol/iss/pg. 38/2 (135-137), ISSN 0011-9059.

(26)      Garijo M A G, Gonzales P B, Ruiz J P; Epileptic attacks associated with wasp sting induced anaphylaxis; Journal of investigational allergology and clinical immunology {J-INVEST-ALLERGOL-CLIN-IMMUNOL}, 1996, vol/iss/pg. 6/4 (277-279), ISSN 1018-9068.

(27)      Watemberg N, Weizman Z, Shahak E, et al; Fatal multiple organ failure following massive hornet stings; Journal of toxicology – clinical toxicology {J-TOXICOL-CLIN-TOXICOL}, 1995, vol/iss/pg 33/5 (471-474) ISSN 0731-3810.

(28)      Kounis syndrome associated with hypersensitivity to hymenoptera stings. International Journal of Cardiology , Volume 114 , Issue 2 , Pages 252 – 255

(29)      A Jairam et al; J Cardiol. 2008 Aug 13; : 18706710; delayed Kounis syndrome and acute renal failure after wasp sting.